ANTHROPOLOGICAL TURN: A MISSED CHANCE FOR PSYCHOPHYSICS?
AbstractPsychophysics, studying law-like functional relations between the â€˜mentalâ€™ and the â€˜physicalâ€™, facesthe problem of the foundation of the two domains. An interesting alternative to traditional approachesarose in philosophical biology and anthropology: namely, to consider the vital sphere ofhuman being-in-the-world as a neutral domain, upon and out of which the psychophysical polarityis constituted. This â€˜anthropological turnâ€™ is here illustrated by works and thoughts of Viktorvon WeizsÃ¤cker, German physician and philosopher, who also contributed to theoretical and experimentalpsychophysics. Although von WeizsÃ¤ckerâ€™s ideas had no influence on the mainstream ofpsychophysics, they are still of importance for a concept of integral psychophysical science.