ANTHROPOLOGICAL TURN: A MISSED CHANCE FOR PSYCHOPHYSICS?

  • Jirí Wackermann

Abstract

Psychophysics, studying law-like functional relations between the ‘mental’ and the ‘physical’, facesthe problem of the foundation of the two domains. An interesting alternative to traditional approachesarose in philosophical biology and anthropology: namely, to consider the vital sphere ofhuman being-in-the-world as a neutral domain, upon and out of which the psychophysical polarityis constituted. This ‘anthropological turn’ is here illustrated by works and thoughts of Viktorvon Weizsäcker, German physician and philosopher, who also contributed to theoretical and experimentalpsychophysics. Although von Weizsäcker’s ideas had no influence on the mainstream ofpsychophysics, they are still of importance for a concept of integral psychophysical science.
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