The effect of the delay between response and presentation of the next trial on transition from algorism to memory retrieval

  • Yosuke Ishizaka
  • Hiroyuki Shimada
  • Noriaki Tsustumi

Abstract

We added the variables as the delay between response and presentation of the next trial into alphabet arithmetic tasks of Zbrodoff and Logan. When participants have to learn to do a new form of arithmetic called alphabetic arithmetic: such as A+2=C and B+5=G, with practice, participants became very fast making true/false decisions to these (Zbrodoff and Logan, 1986).We had two conditions controlled by the delay between response and presentation of the next trial; one condition had 1 sec and the other condition had 5 sec interval. Consequently, we obtained the evidence that long interval (the delay between response and presentation of the next trial) made weak automaticity in 7 days sessions. Logan's instance theory says that transition from algorism to memory retrieval in automaticity and skill acquisition is based on obligatory memory encoding and retrieval through attention. Furthermore, it says that that we can investigate this shift through measuring reaction time. (Logan, 1988). However, instance theory does not explain the delay between response and presentation of the next trial. Our data suggests that interval of exposure as additional factors may be important to acquisition of automaticity.

Section
Full Articles