STROOP OF EMOTIONS IN SPOKEN LANGUAGE

  • B. M. Ben-David
  • D. Joshi
  • P. H. H. M. Van Lieshout

Abstract

It has been argued that the emotional Stroop effect is a misnomer -- it is not a Stroop phenomenon but rather an emotional one. In this study we investigate a true Stroop of emotions. Does it take longer for listeners to correctly identify the emotion expressed in the prosody (tone of speech) of a spoken sentence when it conflicts with its lexical content, than when both dimensions are congruent? Would, in a similar fashion, a conflicting prosody interfere with the identification of the lexical content? Thirty-two participants listened to 88 spoken sentences and were asked to judge whether the speaker expressed Anger, Fear, Sadness or Happiness (forced-choice), in either the prosody or the lexical content. Significant Stroop effects were found for both prosodic and lexical judgments. We note that Stroop effects were impacted by the extent of the dimensional imbalance between baseline classification of prosody and lexical content.

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