STROOP EFFECT WITH SYNONYMOUS HOMOGRAPHIC HETEROPHONEMIC WORDS IN JAPANESE KANJI
One of the three types of Japanese orthographic systems, kanji, consists of ideograms rather than phonograms. Most of the kanji originally introduced from China can be read in two ways: in on (Chinese old pronunciation; relatively lower reading proficiency) and in kun (Japanese inherent pronunciation; relatively higher reading proficiency). In the current experiment, the participants were asked to name the color of Stroop color words in kanji, which were accompanied by an alternation with either on or kun, their corresponding auditory words from one trial to the next. The accompanying auditory words in kun in higher proficiency had no impact on the Stroop interference, whereas those in on in lower proficiency had substantial effect on the Stroop interference.