PSYCHOPHYSICS: TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP ENABLE ‘MEASURING THE IMPOSSIBLE’

  • Birgitta Berglund
  • Anders Höglund

Abstract

‘Measuring the Impossible’ (MtI) refers to recent innovative research activities related to the measurement of quantities and qualities that are dependent on human perception and/or interpretation. Its interdisciplinary nature interconnects various monodisciplinary research areas; physics, physiology, mental part of psychology, and (overt) behavioral sciences. These four also depict the different aspects of inner and outer psychophysics. Outer psychophysics regards physiological and mental processing as a combined ‘black box’ within which no measurement is performed. A key question within MtI and in inner psychophysics is how to explicate the mental or psychophysiological processes taking place within the ‘black box’ and this is cardinal to developing new theories and methods of measurement. To accomplish this, we argue that the two traditional Bottom-Up and Top-Down approaches have to be integrated into a dual-directional Research Strategy Loop involving complex communication systems beyond the straight-forward psychophysical relationship.

Section
Full Articles